Anti-Doping Essential Information
Anti-Doping: The Big Picture
Scottish Rugby works closely with World Rugby, the UK Anti-Doping authority (UKAD) and others in the fight against doping in our sport. Doping distorts competition and is wholly against the ethos of our game. We believe that it is important that players, coaches and others have easy access to a range of essential anti-doping information. More detailed information is available from the UKAD website.
Anti-Doping in Scottish Rugby
All players have the right to play the game knowing that they, their team mates and their opponents, are “clean”. The use of performance-enhancing drugs and other doping behaviour severely damages the legitimacy of rugby and undermines the integrity of clean players.
Scottish Rugby believes in clean sport and works with a range of partner organisations to ensure that the integrity of rugby is protected.
Who is involved in the Fight against Doping
There are a number of organisations working hard to protect the integrity of our sport. These include:
The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), which leads the world-wide campaign for clean sport. WADA is an independent agency, funded by both sport and governments. It is responsible for the World Anti-Doping Code, which aims to harmonise anti-doping policies across sport, ensuring that players and player support personnel are treated fairly and consistently.
Rugby’s World Governing body, World Rugby, has provided an anti-doping regulatory framework for the sport which is compliant with the WADA Code. Scottish Rugby is responsible to World Rugby for instances of doping within the Scottish game.
UK Anti-Doping (UKAD) is the United Kingdom’s national anti-doping agency. UKAD is responsible for ensuring that UK sports bodies comply with the WADA Code. It does this through education and testing programmes, gathering and developing intelligence, and prosecuting those found to have committed an Anti-Doping Rule Violation. Scottish Rugby works in partnership with UKAD and we have conferred responsibility on it for case to answer determination and results management in our game.
The National Anti-Doping Panel (NADP) acts as the first instance tribunal to consider alleged anti-doping rule violations within our game. Appeals are considered by an NADP appeal tribunal.
Our Anti-Doping Rules
Scottish Rugby has in place a set of anti-doping rules that all players, coaches and player support personnel must abide by (Scottish Domestic Regulation 21: Anti-Doping). Scottish Rugby’s anti-doping rules are consistent with the WADA Code and World Rugby’s Regulation 21 on Anti-Doping.
All those within the Scottish Rugby Union’s jurisdiction are required to comply with these Regulations.
What is Strict Liability?
All players need to be aware of the principle of strict liability. This means that players are solely responsible for any banned substance they use, attempt to use, or that is found in their system - regardless of how it got there and whether or not they had an intention to cheat.
What are the Anti-Doping Rule Violations (ADRVs)?
The WADA Code outlines ten Anti-Doping Rule Violations (ADRVs). Players, and Player Support Personnel (ASP), may receive a ban from sport if any of the following ADRVs are committed:
- Returning a positive test
- Using, or attempting to use, a banned substance or method
- Refusal or failure to provide a sample when requested
- Tampering, or attempting to tamper, with any part of the testing process
- Possession of a banned substance or method
- Trafficking, or attempted trafficking, of any banned substance or method
- Administering, or attempted administering, of a banned substance or method to an athlete; or encouragement, aiding and/or covering up of any involvement in an ADRV
- Receiving any combination of three filing failures and/or missed tests in a time period of 18 months (for athletes who are part of the National Registered Testing Pool)
- Complicity (new from 1 Jan 2015)
- Prohibited Association (new from 1 Jan 2015)
All ten ADRVs apply to athletes. Only the ADRVs in bold apply to ASP.
The Consequences of an ADRV are Significant
Under the WADA Code, a minimum four-year ban from sport will apply to those who are found to be deliberately cheating and breaking the rules.
The Code has little sympathy for carelessness. However, for inadvertent doping, players are more likely to face a two-year ban from sport.
All players, coaches and player support personnel need to make sure they have sufficient anti-doping knowledge to avoid committing an ADRV and receiving a ban from sport.
Managing the Risk of Inadvertent Doping
The Prohibited List
All banned substances and methods in are set out in the WADA Prohibited List. This is updated regularly and at least at the beginning of each calendar year. A summary of the changes is also provided. The Prohibited List at any time is freely available on the internet.
Understand the Importance of Checking Medications
Before taking any medication (whether from a doctor or bought over the counter) players must check to make sure it does not contain any banned substances. Medications can be checked online at Global DRO. It is important to note that medications bought in one country may contain different ingredients to the same branded medication in another country.
Know the Risks with Nutritional Supplements
Players are strongly advised to be very cautious if they choose to take any supplement such as vitamin tablets, energy drinks, or sport-nutrition formulas. This is because there is no guarantee that any supplement is free from banned substances.
Before making a decision to use supplements Players are advised to:
- Read Scottish Rugby’s Position Statement on the Use of Supplements
- Assess the need to use supplements by seeking advice from a medical professional or nutritionist on their need to use supplement products
- Assess the risks associated with supplements and undertake thorough research of all supplement products they are considering taking
- Assess the consequences to their careers – they could receive a four-year ban
However, supplement risks can be reduced by:
- undertaking thorough internet research
- only using batch-tested products
- checking on Informed-Sport (which is a risk minimisation programme) that the supplement has been batch tested
Apply for a Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE)
The Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) process is a means by which a player can obtain approval to use a prescribed prohibited substance or method for the treatment of a legitimate medical condition.
Players should advise all medical personnel (GPs, Team Doctors) of their obligation to abide by the anti-doping rules of their sport and that any medical treatment received must not violate these rules.
When prescribed a substance or method, players should find out whether the medication is prohibited by checking the Global DRO site. If the medication is not prohibited, players can start using the prescribed medication or treatment.
A TUE is required for players at the following levels of competition:
1. Players in UK Anti-Doping’s National Registered Testing Pool
2. Scotland Men’s Squads (Senior XV, Scotland A, Sevens, U20s)
3. Scotland Women & Scotland Women 7s
4. Pro14 League teams
5. Tennents Premiership
International Players prior to their participation in any International Match or International Tournament organised by World Rugby must obtain a TUE from World Rugby’s TUE Committee in advance of the administration of the Prohibited Substance.
You can find out more about whether you need a TUE and how to apply for one (including emergency TUEs) on the UKAD TUE website.
Understand What Happens in a Test (Doping Control)
Doping control tests can take place at any level within the Scottish game. Players should feel prepared and know their rights and responsibilities when they are notified to be tested. When selected for testing, players should take a representative with them to the Doping Control Station.
A urine test will follow these main steps:
- Reporting to Doping Control Station
- Providing a sample
- Recording and certifying sample information
UK Anti-Doping recommends that players follow their normal hydration routines if selected for testing.
Players need to be prepared to provide details of any substances they have taken – this needs to be written on the Doping Control form. Players should report any concerns they have about the process or the equipment on the Doping Control form.
Players can find out more about testing, including their rights and responsibilities, in the UKAD Athlete Zone or by downloading the Clean Sport App from their app store.
Know Where to Look for Support and Advice
Please do not hesitate to ask questions about the anti-doping rules. As well as asking Scottish Rugby, coaches and player support personnel, you may also contact UKAD directly, who will be able to answer any questions and provide guidance.
Help Keep Sport Clean
We all have a responsibility to report doping in sport and help keep it clean. A 24-hour dedicated phone line is ready to take your call if you have any suspicions or concerns about incidences of doping in sport. You can provide information in complete confidence by calling 08000 32 23 32 or via a UKAD Report a Doping Concern website. All information is passed securely to UKAD’s intelligence unit for investigation.
Useful Links and Resources
100% me – Supporting Players to be Clean
100% me is UK Anti-Doping’s education programme for players – designed to provide information resources, education sessions and general advice to players throughout their sporting careers. Find out about 100% me in the dedicated Athlete Zone of the UKAD website.
100% me Elite Player Clean Sport App for Smartphones
For essential anti-doping information download the Clean Sport App from iTunes or Google Play – the sport specific or the generic version.
Check Your Medications on Global Drug Reference Online
Remember to check all medications on Global DRO, where you can search by ingredients or brand name.
Assess the Risk of Supplements on Informed Sport
You can find information on supplements and ways of reducing the risks on Informed Sport.
Register with UK Anti-Doping
Visit UKAD’s website and register to keep up to date with the latest news.
For More Information from UKAD:
- Visit www.100percentme.co.uk If you’re an player
- Visit www.ukad.org.uk/coaches If you’re a coach
- Visit www.ukad.org.uk/support-personnel If you’re Player Support Personnel
- Visit www.ukad.org.uk/parents if you’re a parent